May 19, 2022
The concept of E-Learning and Learning Management System

What is e-Learning?

E-learning, For a competent and rational organization of the educational process, any organization must decide with whom the training is aimed, simply put, with the target audience . There are three main, age-differentiated, groups of students: schoolchildren , students , adult learners (graduate students, doctoral students, graduate students, etc.).

Naturally, for each of these groups the priorities in the study of certain disciplines are set differently, and, accordingly, for the organizers of the educational process it is important to correctly define the goals and objectives of learning. There are four classic questions that students are concerned about when studying the material: WHAT, HOW, WHY and WHY.

The problem is that these questions arise for each listener in turn when moving from one age group to another. e-learning management system For students in the study of any discipline is characterized by questions of WHAT and HOW, that is, roughly speaking, “what is what” and “how it all works.” Students are usually interested in HOW and WHY certain phenomena occur, and adult students are often important to understand WHY and WHY.

Among other things , studentsand adult students, unlike students, need to gain practical skills in applying the knowledge gained in the classroom. Based on all this, the organizers of the educational process must determine the goals and objectives of training for different groups of students, with WHAT, HOW and for WHOM to teach.

With traditional teaching, everything is more or less clear: the student comes to the lecture, receives theoretical material , then in the seminars develops certain practical skills.

In distance learning there is no direct, face-to-face contact of the teacher with students – this complicates the organization of the educational process, as each student learns the material independently and it is possible to question development of practical skills which are simply necessary at reception, for example, higher education.

This problem can be solved by e-Learning (e-learning), which today is a revolutionary and most promising area of ​​distance learning. In addition to solving its top priority – distance learning – e-Learning can be a great addition to the full-time form, as the technologies used in the development of e-learning courses will be a good help to improve the quality and efficiency of traditional learning.


Despite the fact that e-Learning in its pure form involves self-study of materials , as in distance learning, it has a number of advantages over the traditional face-to-face form:

great freedom of access – the student has access to e-courses via the Internet from anywhere where there is access to the global information network;

lower prices for delivery of education – in e-learning the process of delivery of education includes only the exchange of information via the Internet without the cost of the student to purchase educational and methodological literature;

the ability to divide the content of the e-course into modules – small blocks of information can make the study of the subject more flexible and simplify the search for the necessary materials;

learning flexibility– the duration and sequence of studying the materials the student chooses himself, fully adapting the whole learning process to their capabilities and needs;

opportunity to keep up with the times – users of e-courses, both teachers and students , develop their skills and knowledge in accordance with modern, latest technologies and standards. E- courses also allow timely and prompt updating of training materials;

in the ability to determine the criteria for assessing knowledge – in e-learning there is an opportunity to set clear criteria by which to assess the knowledge acquired by the student in the learning process. This eliminates bias and bias.

E-learning courses are a high-tech product that is created on the basis of and using the most modern IT solutions.

The main components of LMS and LMS Meaning:

LMS Meaning and components

Consider the main components of the Learning Management System and their interaction on the example of IBM Lotus Learning Management System and Moodle:

The directory contains general information about users, which can be accessed through various applications. It does not have to be specialized for LMS. The LMS uses three databases for data storage: the LMS server database, the delivery server database, and the Audit database.

LMS server and delivery server databases store user-related information, courses, and resources that are used in a variety of ways. For example, the LMS server may request user information to reconcile the list of users and to track credentials, and the delivery server uses this information to track the user’s progress in passing the course before sending this information back to the LMS server.

The audit database stores system information about the use of the LMS system and is used for system administration.

The LMS server is a central component of the Learning Management System, which brings together all the other components. Each installed instance of LMS uses a separate LMS server that can run on both a separate computer and a server cluster.

Users access the Learning Management System through an LMS server that provides a user interface. This interface provides two main categories: students and administrators. Students use the LMS server to view the course catalog, to register for the course, and to view the progress of their studies. Usually students are limited to two user interface modules.


Data server.

Each course requires data (text, images and multimedia data) that the user views during the course. Course data files are stored on data servers and can be accessed from the course summary via URL links. Data servers are not internal components of the LMS, they are third-party HTTP servers.

Course content cannot be developed or edited using the LMS Web interface. To do this, use special tools. All course data, including the assessment system, must be imported into the LMS system, and only then will it become available to students. You can import course packages directly into the LMS using the command-line import utility , or import these packages into the LMS tutorial tool and then “send” packages to the LMS from there.

SMTP server.

To send automaticmessaging and sending requests for assistance to the customer support service in the LMS uses the exchange of e-mails. This requires an SMTP server that redirects messages to the system properly. The SMTP server does not have to be dedicated to LMS. You can use an existing SMTP server that already supports other applications.

Web browsers.

Users access the LMS system from their client workstations using Web browsers.

FTP chain.

When courses are downloaded to the LMS, they are stored on an FTP server. The LMS system copies the course packet from the FTP server and processes it.

LMS Curriculum Creation Tool is a course content creation application that allows you to create basic course structures and assessment systems, or format third-party courses for use with the LMS system. With the Curriculum Tool, you can only edit course content for LMSs,

and data that was originally created for other systems cannot be edited (you must use other appropriate editing tools). The curriculum creation tool allows you to add to the course information about the establishment of a sequence that provides a certain order of the course. You can also specify a certain number of points to be scored for individual sections of the course.

The tutorial tool is a separate component of the LMS that only works on Windows platforms. During LMS installation, the package with this component should be located on a server that is available to course developers so that they can then download the package and install this tool on their workstations.


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